The testicles, also called testes are part of the male reproductive system. The testicles are two oval organs about the size of large olives. They are located inside the scrotum. The testicles make the male hormones, including testosterone, and produce sperm. Disorders of the testes can lead to serious complications, including hormonal imbalances, sexual dysfunction and infertility.
1. Testicular pain
Since the testes can be found inside the scrotum, which hangs outside the body, they don't have the protection of muscles and bones. This will make it more convenient for the testes to become struck, hit, kicked or crushed, which occurs usually during contact sport. Males can safeguard their testicles by putting on athletic cups during sport.
Trauma towards the testes may cause severe pain, bruising and/or swelling. Generally, the testes that are made from a spongy material can absorb the shock of the injury without serious damage. An uncommon kind of testicular trauma, called testicular rupture, takes place when the testicle receives an immediate blow or perhaps is squeezed from the hard top of the pelvis. This injury may cause blood to leak in to the scrotum. In severe cases, surgery to correct the rupture and therefore save the testicle might be necessary.
2. Testicular torsion
Inside the scrotum, a man’s testicles are secured on one side with a structure known as the spermatic cord. Sometimes, this cord gets twisted cutting from the testicle’s circulation. The signs of testicular torsion include sudden and severe pain, enlargement from the affected testicle, tenderness, and swelling.
This disorder, which occurs usually in young males between your ages of 12 and 18, might result from a personal injury towards the testicles or from strenuous activity. Additionally, it can happen for no reason.
Testicular torsion is definitely an emergency. Treatment usually involves correction from the problem through surgery. Testicular function might be saved when the condition is diagnosed and corrected immediately. When the circulation towards the testicle is stop for a long time of your time, the testicle may become permanently damaged and could have to be removed.
3. Testicular cancer
Testicular cancer occurs when abnormal cells within the testicles divide and grow uncontrolled. Testicular cancer can be cultivated in a single or both testicles in males or young boys. The signs of testicular cancer incorporate a lump, irregularity or enlargement either in testicle; a pulling sensation or sense of unusual heaviness within the scrotum; a dull ache within the groin or lower abdomen; and pain or discomfort inside a testicle or even the scrotum.
The precise reasons for testicular cancer aren't known, but there are specific risk factors for that disease. A risk factor is something that increases a person’s possibility of obtaining a disease. The danger factors for cancer from the testicles include:
Age: Testicular cancer can happen at all ages, but many often happen in men between your ages of 15 and 40.
Undescended testicle: This can be a symptom in that the testicles don't descend in the abdomen, where they're located during development, towards the scrotum shortly before birth. This problem is really a major risk factor for testicular cancer.
Genealogy: A good reputation for testicular cancer boosts the risk.
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